Why do Catholics say justification is “infused,” while Protestants say it is “imputed”?

By | September 6, 2019

>>Ankerberg: Now, how Catholicism says a person
becomes truly righteous within is described by their word under Point #3, which is the
word Infusion. By Infusion Catholicism teaches that God’s
prevenient grace, or the power of Christ, is infused or placed into the sinner. When this power is given, and the sinner cooperates
with this power, he can arrive in a state of justness. At that time, God will declare him to be just
because he has, in fact, become just. Catholicism is not teaching a crass view of
justification, that a man in and of himself can live a holy and righteous life and can
be justified in the sight of God. But Catholicism is teaching that in the power
of Christ, a man can arrive at a point where he will become just within, and then God will
be able to declare him justified. [Begin Program Excerpt]>>Pacwa: Whereas the Catholic Church is trying
to say instead of imputa¬tion, it’s rather a transformation of the inner person and that’s
the distinction…>>Ankerberg: I think we agree that the Catholic
Church is saying that.>>Martin: There’s no problem. Yeah. We know that.>>Pacwa: Okay.>>Ankerberg: What we’re saying is, is that
what the Scriptures exactly in Romans 3 and 4 are saying? If God is saying something different than
Trent at that point, then we should stick with the Scriptures. Alright, let’s summarize: Catholicism believes
the basis of a man’s justification is the righteousness God finds within the person. For Protestantism, the basis of justification
is Christ Himself, His righ¬teousness. In Protestantism, a man’s righteousness
within is not in any way the basis upon which God pardons a man; rather, God pardons a man
solely on the basis of Christ. In Catholicism, sanctification or the inner
transformation within a person must come before a man can be justified. In Protestantism, sanctification or the transformation
of the person’s inner life by the Holy Spirit comes only as the immediate result of justification
and never is the means by which a man gains justification. Protestants believe Catholicism has not accepted
Paul’s teaching in Romans and Galatians which clearly defines the only basis God says
He will justify a man. Paul says, “To the one who does not work,
but believes in Him who justifies the ungodly, his faith is reckoned—here’s that word
“imputed”—as righteousness” (Romans 4:5).

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