Todd Lecture Series: General Mark Milley, U.S. Army Chief of Staff

By | September 8, 2019

official party presentation of the
colors and the playing of the national anthem the colors university president Richard W Snyder
well good evening everyone friends of Norwich special guest faculty staff
students members of the public symposium attendees state of Vermont officials and
especially our sister senior military colleges and ROTC units all over the
world who are watching right now digitally through the great work of our
staff and the staff said those schools we are simultaneously broadcasting is
through every ROTC unit every service in the United States tonight and then for
the panel tomorrow and then lieutenant general McMasters talk on Friday evening
tonight but I lecture series made possible by the generosity of Ellen and
John Drew and named in honor of my predecessor retired major general and
President Emeritus W Russell Todd Norwich University class of 1950 and his
late wife Carol and gratitude for their dedicated service to Norwich University
and the entire Northfield Community Todd please riser and be recognized by
their sounding round of applause to welcome you back lecture series found in 2008 will always
be free and open to the public as well as the entire North student body and his
stream live for the title accessories website to students and alumni across
the globe we also have many of our graduate students were online watching
us as well this evening many of the past presentations are also
archived on that website if you like to catch up some of our great speakers I
would like to thank all of you for coming tonight especially are honored
guest general Mark Millie the 39th Chief of Staff of the army but before we do
that I’ve asked general Millie and the chairman of the board General Gordon R
sullivan also 59 to unveil a plaque and it’s a plaque in honor of the 100th
birthday of ROTC generals would you do if the owner please and I we’ll read the
plaque we are ready to unveil honor gallery space that’s a special
place for people it reads reserve officers Training Corps celebrating 100
years 1916 2016 modern ROTC traces its original its origins use me directly in
Norwich University is founder captain Alden portrait we believe that well
trained citizen soldiers provided the very best defense for this republic the
primary objective of partridges American system of education was to prepare youth
for positions of leadership in times of peace and in times of war the US from
from its inception in 1819 Norwich University has embodied the citizen
soldier ethos so central to the mission of the Reserve Officer Training the
first private institution in higher education to incorporate military
instruction into the curriculum Norwich provided a model for the morale land
grant Act of 1862 and laid the foundation for the creation of america’s
Reserve Officer Training Corps in 1916 a plaque is dedicated and recognition
captain altered partridge as the father of ROTC and as Norwich University as its
birthplace in honor of the one hundred years of existence of the Reserve
Officer Training Corps 21 April 2016 and you are here gentlemen thank you so much replies right chairman of the board
Norwich University General Gordon R sullivan class of fifty-nine mark Mille
chief of staff the United States Army Tec University where he was those who you know where you are right
spirit arena above our heads which you can’t see there are a number of flags
wanna point out all of you there i three division 3 and she two-way men’s
championship flags and we are very proud and no one major major accomplishment to
have 40 hard-line stand for Orlando which operates and the hockey team center on the subject to hockey in
addition to be in the 39th cheaper step in the United States Army General millie
is the recipient himself over major award from the American Association of
hockey coaches each year they say they presented an award and my eyes are
getting bad so I’m gonna read this Leon Landry hello award awarded to an
American hockey player who best epitomizes the best hockey and goes on
to have that distinguish courier and whatever line of work he chooses ladies
and gentlemen this past year on the prep the frozen floor in Tampa Florida
general Millie was the 11th recipient of that award without any further ado about a nice
round of applause for the Chief of Staff of the United States Army General Mark
Miller I appreciate didn’t expect hockey
accolades did received little murrow Award this year I was in love getting
drafted into the NHL I was supposed to get drafted fact one of my teammates
John bombard a graduate of Norwich where we kind of co-captain the great Fort
Bragg dragons back in the day when we’re both in the 82nd and Boomer as we knew
him he didn’t get drafted either so boomer you can get your shirt will play
here in the ring a little bit later this is great and I never thought that I
would ever come to a university where there was a museum named the Gordon R
sullivan museum I hope I thought they only knew museums after dead so I just
want to get visual here we have our direct yes the man is still alive but I
think what general sullivan is an inspiration to me and I was commissioned
as he said in nineteen eighty out of Princeton ROTC and general sullivan
shortly thereafter was our chief and eat Chief of Staff of the army he he was an
inspiration to all of us we were young lieutenants and captains at the time and
it was a time of really excitement commitment but also a time of high risk
high danger was last kind of death throes last decade of the cold war we
didn’t know it at the time but things were things were going downhill for the
soviets and and then we were in the throes of a training revolution and
bringing on new equipment and it was general sullivan who coined a term
called no more task force miss any from his early tutelage of me as young
officers did not mean to time but I’ve taken that no more tests for Smith’s because I find myself now as the Chief
of Staff of the Army in a not dissimilar situation where readiness matters and
readiness is our number one priority so thank you General Sullivan for teaching
me and an entire generation of young officers and teaching all of us what we
want today and how we apply it thank you and I also want to take a moment to
thank Rich Schneider he’s the only person on earth I know that is both an Admiral and
General at the same time haven’t figured that out and he also informed me it was
news is I’m originally from the Boston area and I kinda thought I knew vermont
used to play hockey and come up here a lot actually play hockey and I thought I
knew him up and I had no idea until Admiral-General Schneider and for me that
remark declared its independence and secession from the Union like every year
how’s that going up you’re going pretty well and I didn’t realize as an admin
realize from on its own Navy I mean I know you got Lake Champlain but I didn’t
realize you had a navy you have a navy I’m getting some booze out here those are the guys you again Commission
in the Navy is that my mother was in the Navy so my dad is a marine my mother’s
name in the army so many navy guys we got under army anybody gone for an
alternative to military service and joining the Air Force wowza lively crowd and Marines Coast
Guard now alright, son, hang in there you’ll make it. Navy will take ya and if they don’t the Air Force will. well so rowdy crowd up here in the Great
Green Mountain State and also wanna thank General Combs for being hear. She’s the head of ROTC as you know. She’s made a lot of great changes. So, Peg, thank you for being
here. Eric Brigham is your army PMS up here. Eric and I go back a long way and he and
I have served together many bad places and and Eric thinks I’m not sure where
you are in the crowd where you had you are right down here hard guy tough-guy great p.m. as a great
officer and thanks so much for what you’re doing to to train all the all the
young cadets up here I know that we had the band, the Norwich band, I’m not sure we are
can you bring up a couple of tunes they’re just acknowledge that they are
thanks so much for doing that I know you make every ceremony up here very very
special so thank you for doing what you’re doing and where’s where’s my
regimental commander there Alex Burdell ok there by yourself you have no friends
or what what’s up And I notice carolinas north of the mason-dixon line
just to get educated so well done so on and then I know that we’re in a ring
hockey Rankin and this is very special to me and I played hockey from the time
I was like I love after university still played after after graduation as I
mentioned play with boomer and in some of the guys down there Fort Bragg last time I played hockey was
in Canada with the Fort Drum Mountaineers played a Canadian Army team
but this is pretty cool in this rank is a very special ring because very very
few schools can never claim a national championship let alone three of them
from the men and one for the women so that’s really outstanding achievement
for the school so well done to know whatever it is both men and women well
done and thanks to all of you for being here alumni for supporting this great
goal and obviously for the cadets but also for the rest of the student body
and for the community in Northfield everybody here in Vermont that’s a great
States great part of the country and this is a great school and it’s a very
special moment for me as an ROTC graduate in the 39th Chief of Staff of
the army to be standing before you on the hundredth anniversary of the
commissioning of RTC of the beginnings of ROTC under Princeton guy named Woodrow
Wilson and I’m very proud of the fact that Princeton University is the only
Ivy League school at RTC for all hundred of those years and the rest of them have
to pick them up at princeton stay true to what scholars and kept that ROTC. ROTC
is very special to our country it’s an important institution and I’ll talk a
little bit more about that later but thanks to all of you whether you’re
going in the Army Navy Air Force Marines Coast Guard doesn’t matter you’re one of
a very very small select group of American citizens have chosen to put the
uniform on and and defend our great nation against the enemies of our
country but i wanna talk a little bit about where you’re at here, at Norwich. This is a pretty amazing
school when you think of it and I know that you all know the history of your
school, but think back to those early days in the early 1800s. We have just as a
nation had not only earned our liberty in the American Revolution but we had
just finished the war of 1812 against Britain and for about the previous two
hundred years or so or more we had been fighting up and down the Hudson River
Valley, Lake Champlain, etc. In a worldwide struggle between France and
Britain that manifested itself here in North America and specifically right
here upstate New York on one side and Vermont
on the other, and all the New England states. We had a great power war that
raged, and that war was complex. It was difficult it involve various indigenous
Native American tribes it involved militias it involved terrorists it
involves standing armies between the French and the British and was very
deadly and it went on for a couple of centuries and you are right here in the
middle of that at the end of that war of 1812 which contrary to popular belief in
Canada we the United States actually prevailed in that war and now is a very
turbulent time not only here in the United States but also oversees this is
the time the Barbary pirates reward algiers fighting early versions of of
terrorism but also over in europe war raged in a big way with the Napoleonic
Wars we’re not only did you have Britain France fighting but you had all of the
other countries where it finally ended of course Waterloo then you also had
smaller wars in europe Naples against Germany in the 39 various states of
Germany trying to unify for the first time in not getting unified to later and
then south of the border of the USB port time way down in South America countries
like Colombia Venezuela Ecuador all declaring their liberation and
independence from Spanish control all that world when know which came into
being was a very turbulent world it was a
world of violence was a world of instability it was a world in which
radical and significant political economic and geostrategic change was
taking place and we the United States began to understand the importance of
developing a foundation of military training foundation of the officer corps
to provide some discipline cohesion some competence and some some military
professionalism to what was then largely state militias and we chose to educate a
variety of leaders we started west point and then Alden Page, Captain at at West Point,
superintendent, in fact, decided that West Point wasn’t good enough and he wanted
to make it better and he came here and created Norwich and from that moment on
in 1819 until today this school is not only the oldest private military college in
the United States but it is in many ways like West Point the heart and soul of
the officer corps of the army, the total army, the Guard and Reserve, and the
regular army. But also as we saw from the cadets so many other services Norwich plays a central role in the
defense of our nation and it has for coming up on 200 years and when we hit 2019. It’s really a remarkable school you’ve got a lot to be proud of
you should all, both alumni and students alike, faculty alike, be extraordinarily proud of
this school if you ask yourself what some of the legacies during the Civil War
this school began to provide a whole series of trained officers primarily in
the northeastern regiments of New England and New York the entire class of
1862 enlisted in the Union Army as soon as they graduated and I was told that a
few of them North Carolina went down south and
actually fought for the Confederacy we’ll figure out who they are on the
rolls of the Alumni but no its graduates in the Civil War we’re very significant
they can manage cores and divisions and brigades and regiments and served in
over a hundred and thirty different significant battles and organizations
throughout the war guy named Brigadier General Edmund Rice
I found in my research left Norwich before graduation in order to
participate in a civil war and he fought with a nineteen regiment of the Holy
Land the nineties regimen of the great state of Massachusetts and he fought in
the infantry really the most significant branch of any service and not only that
how many you introduced by the way commissioner and everybody else going on
in the FDA guess so good and so rice he later earned the Medal of Honor in the
in the Battle of Gettysburg in 1863 and then he got Journal seaver he also like
rice he decided to leave Norwich before graduating he decided to command the
independent nation of reminds infantry the 3rd Infantry forum for his actions
under intense enemy fire he also won the medal of honor at Spotsylvania many many
heroes throughout history and as many heroes to be made right in this room
tonight and there’s been many many heroes over the years in all of our wars
and all of our services in all of our organizations that have come out of the
Reserve Officer Training Corps and we’re very very proud of that since signing
that act 1916 Woodrow Wilson he brought into being what an organization that
produces sixty percent of the United States Army’s officers 6-0, 60 percent of
our offices today in the total army the regular army the Guard and Reserve
produced are out of ROTC and today hundred years afterward also
brought into being ROTC has two hundred and seventy three programs at colleges
and universities throughout all 50 states the District of Columbia Puerto
Rico and all of our territories and there’s over 35,000 35,000 ROTC cadets
are out there today just like just like you it’s an amazing organization big
you’ve got a lot to be proud of and I’m proud of every single one of you if you
ask yourself as you some of you how many of you seniors graduating here shortly
ok so if you ask yourself what are you walking into a while back when the
school was founder you’re walking into a situation you gonna put the uniform on
you gonna Commission and you’re walking into a global situation that in some
ways is as equally turbulent equally violent in fact far more complex than
that which this school was born into two hundred years ago and you’re gonna find
yourself engaged in a very deep long difficult struggle against radical
terrorists coming out of the Middle East with its latest manifestation of Isis
you’re going to find yourself unfortunately in a very difficult
struggle against aravane just Russia assertive China provocative an
aggressive North Korea or a terrorist supporting country called Iran or any
other multiple contingencies that may arise each and every one of you when you
graduate from here and you are commissioned regardless of service
you’re gonna be fundamental to our nation’s defense just as all the
graduates have before you just as as George Casey was when he graduated RTC
Georgetown and Pete shoemaker graduated ROTC from University of Wyoming are
generaly in our last commander in vietnam graduated ROTC out
of Berkeley or chorus is our greatest general george marshall graduate ROTC out
of EMI and of course your greatest general from Norwich to Solomon ROTC out
of norway so you’re going to follow in a long line and you’re entering into a
very very turbulent era and there’s no doubt in my mind that the training
you’ve received here the cohesion of competence and the character building
that you have learned and learned here at Norwich is gonna stand you well in
the face of arguably some difficult times ahead and we’re gonna need your
leadership every outs of it that I am sure and our sons and our daughters of
this nation deserve good leadership if you look at readiness you look at combat
power the most important element of that is not technology it’s not the guns the
plane’s the ship’s not the weapons not the computers it’s the people and most
importantly it’s the leaders and that’s what Norwich does leadership is far and
away the most important element of what we think of as the elements it takes to
win in the crucible of ground combat and our nation deserves that it deserves you
so what are you going to have to have the first of all you’re going to have to
be competent there’s no room for second place in combat there’s no coins or
trophies given out for ties to win or you lose in the cost of losing is death
of the business you’re about to join is not the profit margin of the bottom line
is the lives of your soldiers and what will make the difference on the
battlefields that you undoubtedly gonna face is going to be Europe personal
competence no one is gonna follow up a two liter who’s constantly lost no one
is going to follow up their leader who can’t call for direct indirect fire no one is gonna
follow up to later pick on a medevac will call in close air support to get an
attack helicopter on the ground no one’s going to do that you’re going to do that
and if you do it while you amend your women are going to follow you if you
don’t do it well they won’t follow a simple as that you’re going to have to
be very very competent but it takes more than that you’re also gonna have to be
compassionate you’re gonna have to love your soldiers of you let you love your
very family and you even after be willing to give your life for them
you’re gonna have to be willing to actually die for your soldiers for your
families and your gonna have to be compassionate to their every need and
take care of them as if they were your literally your brother and your sister
or mother or father or your son or daughter and that you’re going to have
to be leaders who have tremendous character and that starts with integrity
and honesty and candor and I guarantee you your character will be tested like
it has never been tested before and you will have to have steals binds to
withstand the pressures that you’re going to have to endure in the years
ahead and Norwich I believe you to do that what character and compassion and
competence are skills that you’re absolutely gonna have to deal with part
of that also is going to have to be your intellectual development you’re going to
be open-minded and adaptive to be able to deal with the complexities of the
world that involves so many different dynamic elements that it’s hard to
describe sentences if the world of 1916 was complex while the world of 1945 was
complex world of 2016 is intensely complex and I can tell you that personal
experience and I know there’s many others who can tell you that as well and
you will graduate be in that world and you’re gonna be leading the soldiers and
sailors airmen and Marines in that world you’ll be dealing with terrorists dealing with hybrid army will be dealing
with little green man you gonna be dealing with tribes will be dealing with
national leaders and local leaders will be dealing with politics and economics
direct fire and indirect fire and you gonna be dealing with it all and it’s
all going to be dealt with simultaneously and from that you’re
gonna have to be ready and that’s why readiness in my mind is number one in
their development as a leader in the things we’ve learned over the years from
our past leaders still apply to everything you will do you gonna have to
have a strategic vision the ability to look beyond the next till you gonna have
to think and act and lead to develop others in a way that maybe has never
been done before you gonna have to be innovative and open to criticism and
apply lessons from battles gone past if you look back at what do you know which
graduates guy named Ted Brooks maybe no never heard of him but he graduated back
here and when RTC was first formed during World War one and then a 1941
Jacob devers general date Jacob devers who is commander of a court that time he
called on Lieutenant Colonel Brooks to be named to the staff of the new armored
for us at Fort Knox and then he promoted him from a democrat under Brigadier skip
the rank never wore the Eagles in 1942 he promoted him yet again to major
general and you say why did everyone what’s up with that idea skip frankly I
did get promoted from lieutenant colonel to major general in like 12 months
that’s because the guy was good he was confident he was innovative and use
adaptive and in his gaze Brooks’s case what he did was he developed
self-propelled artillery any develop the assault gun and then he developed not
only the weapon but the doctrine to go with it and then he trained a force at
the small unit level to do it and then he rose up to eventually command the
11th Armored Division you to everyone of you are going to have to think and act
and be innovative like one of your predecessors now long pass general
Brooks used Altima awarded the Silver Star for repeated heroism in combat so
he certainly had huge charge it is said that his mental of them so it’s clear
that he had compassion but what set him apart was innovation in his drive in his
leadership and his decision making another guy that graduated not a
graduate exit he went to this school John Harmon I’m sure you know man
general Solomon met him he attended North also during world war one left and
then actually got his commission out of West Point his tough-guy a hard guy and
also a lot of talent and the 1924 Olympics great athlete and he commanded
the 1st Armored Division in North Africa and Italy in the 1942 43 timeframe ww2
and he is known and first came to great attention in the war raise personal actions of Kasserine Pass
and general Solomon always talked about taskforce Smith from the Korean War
which didn’t go well with the 21st infantry and we lost a lot of good
soldiers because we’re unprepared not ready our nation has a long history that and another great example of it is
Kasserine Pass and you know that any student of ww2 us’ army history knows
that we suffered a horrible defeat at Kasserine Pass young man who gave their
lives in that battle because we were not competent we were poorly led we weren’t
well trained and we weren’t hard and the nazis of Aramark doctors a very serious
blow but general Harmon was different at that battle he stood out because of his
courage because of his competence and he stepped up as a deputy commanding
general replaced a relieved general he reorganized the core second core and
applied a whole bunch of lessons learned in a very rapid manner and instituted a
training program that brought that gore back to life it was so painfully learned
at kasa rain and then he awaited an entrant’s responsibility to court to its
newly arriving commander General George Patton carmen was a hero and he came on
the heels of Vermont and he’s trained right here and I would ask you to look
back in your history of this cool new heroes have gone before you and study
them because no less is going to be asked of you you can take that to the
bank you are going to be involved in ground
combat and you’re going to have to be prepared to learn learn from the rices
learn from the Brooks is learn from the Harmons and get yourselves ready and
remember what we fight for as a leader throughout our history our strength to
strength of our nation has gone from our values our ethos the diversity of our people and army has
fought tyranny and liberated the oppressed around the world in the
Philippines and Northeast Asia North Africa throughout the Middle East
Central and South America all throughout the world american soldiers have been the vanguard
of American values which is the respect for life liberty the pursuit of
happiness and equality no matter who you are and as we gather here today know that a hundred and eighty thousand
american soldiers are at a hundred and forty countries around the world protecting our freedom standing for the
same values in faraway places like Afghanistan and Iraq in very many other
places as well and each of them as a living symbol of the greatness that is
America the goodness that is an American people and as they serve forward
American units are here in the United States training and preparing for some
unknown next contingency the next crisis well the next battle for all of those
soldiers every single one of those soldiers or sailors airmen Marines but
you’re gonna leave their service is never about themselves always extends to others it extends to
those that they all those they advise those they defend and extends to the
brothers and sisters were wearing the uniform and their flag and a special
bond that all of us develop a bond that’s unlike any other it’s a bomb that’s been carrying on for
more than two hundred and forty years since the United States Army was formed
from a company of pennsylvania riflemen and 14 June 1775 it’s a bond thats been
codified in blood and at its heart the history of the United States israeli the story of ordinary men in
ordinary women from all walks of life who are willing to do extraordinary
things for their country for the values and ideals which we hold dear the story of the United States Army the
story of the United States is a story of personal courage selfless sacrifice and
incredible service and it’s been made by almost 30 million men and women my
mother and my father both serve most of your mothers and fathers serve and many
many others 30 million who served in uniform since
our nation was founded two and a half million of them have served just in the
last fifteen years my parents generation fought world war two my mother in the
Navy my father in the Marines and they are known i think is the greatest
generation is what we call them but I’m here to tell you the generation of fun
the last fifteen years your generation the Millennial
Generation you are america’s second greatest generation you’re an amazing
group of people you too hard topping too passionate incompetent and
you are about to join them two thousand five hundred and fourteen of that two
and a half million that have served in combat the last fifteen years came right
out of this school graduates of Norwich University and several of them have paid
an incredible price and personal sacrifice and not only life and limb but
also sacrifice of their families and separation and you’re going to join that
long line but there’s something more than that then just service to the
nation and has to do with the oath that some of you gonna take your commission and we take all of us in uniform and
less than an officer like taking oath of allegiance and that oath is a simple and
it says that I solemnly swear to support and defend the Constitution of the
United States of America against all enemies foreign and domestic simple
enough over a hundred and ninety countries in
the world that are in the united nations but we United States military are the
only military of all of them that swear an oath to a document and embedded
within that document is an idea and it’s unlike any other idea it’s an idea that
says that all men and all women no matter who you are no matter what your
religion or lack of religion no matter the color of your skin no matter how you
identify in your gender no matter whether you’re gay or straight with your
a Catholic or Protestant and Jewish Muslim it doesn’t matter who you are but
in this country and this country in these United States every single one of
us is equal that is a powerful idea and from that you’re going to take an oath
and you’re going to swear an oath to that idea that you are willing to die to
protect that idea that idea is so powerful and it came into being only two
hundred and forty years ago but that has brought down Tierney’s built countries the dictators of the past have been
brought down by an army that is dedicated to an idea and that is the
Army the Navy the Air Force and Marines that you are going to join and that is
very very powerful and you will be willing without any purpose of evasion
to suffer grievous wounds to lose your arm and leg to separate from your family
or to lose your life defense of that idea it’s a serious
thing that you’re doing it’s a serious thing you’re about to do in Norwich
NROTC RDC from hundred years and know what you’re coming up on 210 prepare
those that have gone before you to execute that oath and I feel absolutely
confident that no which in ROTC as prepared every one of you to execute
that I think RDC pig I think know admiral general and I thank all of you
for being here tonight and I congratulate ROTC on its hundredth
birthday army strong questions will get to Mikes I C one
right there where the other one right there this mike is for kinetz this mike is for
us to our guests would like to have the first question right state your name
your name and your question you didn’t answer my name is Derek junior navy ROTC
and my question is is there a particular event experiences you’ve had in life
that has greatly impacted you and if so how is that shaped who you are as a
leader today thanks for question is a single event you know marriages was a
pretty worth of your children that’s significant i would i would in my case
anyway everyone might have a road to Damascus moment but I’ve had lots of
road to Damascus moments so for me it’s the cumulative effect of a lot of things
I’m shaped personally mostly by other people and I would argue that all of us
are my mother and father and brother sister growing up that sort of thing
high school teachers and coaches on various schemes same thing in college
and then in the Army I know it’s said by a lot of people but in my case is
particularly true my first noncommissioned officer mass are now
retired back he’s d-shaped me in a lot of ways as a young officer meeting guys
like boomers shape me in a lot of ways that we’re never going to talk about so
there’s a lot of things i spose in my life that has shaped me throughout the
years but I i couldn’t cite a singular example and it changes as you go along
in my current role for example I would you know general sullivan been mentoring
me now for actually quite a while and others I worked for Secretary of Defense gates
for a little while that certainly informed my outlook on things at the
national strategic level command of the 10th Mountain Division 3rd gore very
significant shaping obviously time in combat at various
places so all of that in mind sort of like a cake mix all of that in mind I
would say is what shaped mirror and a singular moment in time or event thank
you my name is Michael hi mama senior series of warranties major Army ROTC
first off thank you for coming to speak with us today you mentioned that learning from figures
in the past and from the history is important than Americans need to do but
I think we’re better at saying that the next Lee applying for example in vietnam
we rely on a host nation for us to repel an invading and expanding insurgency for
us but that didn’t work we took up a strategic bombing campaign in all this
was accompanied by military advisers it seems to be there were handling the
situation in the Middle East with Isis in the same manner and we’re getting
just about his underwhelming of results can you tell you very much and what service you going into the army
and Army aleutian islands of the Great you love
it and i actually I wouldn’t feel so I was
asked earlier by somebody you know what situation with Isis so I’m not going to
win any kind of classification but I’ll give you my cut my personal got I’ve got
a lot of time in common a lot of time in Afghanistan and Iraq I know this thing
is being broadcast I know the that there are some journalists except in the room
so I happened to be I think anyway relatively candid in my views I’ll give
you my for what it’s worth my personal opinion is someone who you can consider
informed somewhat experienced and I have some some view of of the situation I
took over in August as the Chief of Staff of the army had traveled to the
region in September and as a member of the joint chiefs of staff and I made my
assessment at that time talk to all the american commanders and many of the
indigenous commanders acceptor then I went back in December ok so my
assessment as today and I read all the intel on a keep up to date on everything
and talked to the commanders by phone and BTC very frequently without going
into anything classified my candid assessment is that very very significant
progress has been made against the entity the organization called Isis
progress however is not winning and I said this in testimony I think last week
or the week before so no one should be I fighting in the end zone yet but the
president of the united states has told us to destroy Isis or dash as it’s
called I am confident that the strategy we are currently executing is applying a
significant amount of pressure and a lot of punishment to that organization it
remains to be seen whether or not that is going to be enough to destroy it
with the common understanding of the word destroy meaning that organization
no longer is gone but effective in the Caliphate the self-declared Caliphate as
they call it in Iraq and Syria is no longer in existence that remains to be
seen but I can tell you that the enemy dash Isis no longer has the strategic
momentum which they did have and they have suffered tremendous amounts of
Cassidy’s their leadership has been significantly it traded they’ve lost a
lot of territory their finances have been damaged significantly their lines
of communication are being interdicted and they’re under a very very very
significant amount of pressure from the air from the ground and in other forms
through other demands space cyber sitter so that’s sort of the situation as it
stands now they are not destroyed yet our task is to destroy him I believe we
will do that I think we’ve made significant progress to that end it’s
not over yet no one should be doing I files yet but I do think we’re on the
right path thank you major Steve Gunn Yemen Norwich
alumnus and I and our instructor at the University as you can see our Corps of
Cadets where the common uniform although their members of one of the multitude of
ROTC programs here could you elaborate a little bit for the future leaders of our
services to the importance of joint interagency and multinational teamwork and cooperation yeah sure I
like other services I’m a joint joint chiefs staff current so far as my take
on it right now I don’t think the army ones wars by the way and I don’t think
the Navy does the air force does in the Marines do it depends on what you doing
so if you want to punish an opponent if you want to at RIT an opponent if you
want to rescue people and things like that you can do small niche things or
specific task with only one branch of service or maybe two of them but if
you’re involved in something called war W A R war war is an active politics not
a military act it’s an active politics where you’re imposing your political
will on an opponent through the use of violence and armies don’t go to war nations go to war States go to war so in
order to win a war you have to apply all the power in a synergistic way in time
and space that but nation state can bring to bear so it takes all the
Marines the Army the Navy the Air Force it takes everything and every domain
space and cyber and maritime an errand and the ground domain and it also takes
the CIA in the state department and it takes the
FBI and Department of Commerce and all by the way you can’t stop there it’s not only for the united states the
nation that goes to war the United States fights with allies and partners
we do not fight alone this pride against isis has got some fifty coalition
members when I commanded the forests in Afghanistan we had 42 allies and
partners underneath us in every war we fight with our allies and friends we
don’t go alone so the interagency the idea of joining us and the idea of
riding with allies and partners and combined operations that is fundamental
to what we do it’s absolutely a necessary prerequisite prerequisite to
winning in a war you can do certain other things by yourselves but not fight
and prevail in war so it’s absolutely critical that we do that it’s also
critical that were not parochial that and i know i said in jest earlier about
Army Navy Marine dog but in reality we’re all brothers and sisters in arms
regardless of the color of the uniform in fact there’s good logic to put us all
in the same damn uniform and it would be a lot cheaper as long as we went with
the army uniform and so we don’t want to be parochial but but it is critical in its
fundamental that we operate as a team you don’t win by yourself in this
business but thanks for the question I’m gonna join character I’m a freshman year
and ROTC and I’m majoring in nursing studies my question is in terms of
United States military global presence would you consider too much and what do
you think is just right too much of what global presence of the military too much
in terms of our military stuff question actually it’s a question that’s
currently under a lot of debate for for those is the issue of the United States of
America you know I said we have a hundred and
eighty thousand soldiers on forty countries and what about that is that
too much forward presence does it cause allies and partners or other countries
to become nervous or scared that weird we are aggressing somehow our were
dominant somehow cultural imperialism is you know been United States been accused
of that we have been accused by enemies and opponents of unity realistic and so
on and so forth so it’s a legitimate question but i would tell you this we
the united states are far more wanted around the world then not wanted and
I’ve been an awful lot of places if you look today for example in Asia I would
argue that most many anyway probably most of the countries in Asia really
want the United States of America to remain as a stabilizing force militarily
diplomatically and economically in the western Pacific there’s a couple of
countries I can think of that don’t but most do and they want that through
presence for presence and there is something to be said about being there
there is an argument about over the shoulder over the horizon that’s a
debate that’s a legitimate debate how much before word how much of their eyes
and etcetera but the fact of the matter is our allies and partners do want us
and what these days in the western Pacific if you go to the middle east
there’s many people would say well you know there were too many american
soldiers and therefore we get rejected yeah sort of maybe not but not really so
if you go to most of the countries of the Middle East
they are ok with american help financial intelligence surveillance reconnaissance
so terrorism advisers acceptor and the last thing
they want us to do is leave the region and you can do that through a lot of
countries use Google these countries and see what the position is relative the
United States Africa very welcome in most parts of Africa same thing in Latin
American American military’s is very welcome we have a lot of friends and
partners in europe you know we are full-fledged member of nato so the
United States I would argue anyway and for my perception the United States as
an awful lot of friends and partners around the world a lot of allies way
more allies and enemies sort of thing but if you look at some of those
opponents or potential adversaries are great bar episodes ago russia and China
some of that and you look at how many friends or allies they have is not very
many so it’s a tough question and the exact balance of military forces and
forward presence that’s one that always under debate it’s currently under debate
in the department of defense in the USA national security environment and where
the sweet spot is is dependent upon the situation at the moment in time but I
can tell you that the amount of presence we have forward over the last call at
seventy years since the end of World War Two has learned way more friends than
enemies and it’s a worthwhile investment and I think we’ll have to continue to do
that into the distant future in order to
maintain some sense of stability in the world but thanks for the question of
course thank you sir alright piece of our history and has on their
reading an appreciation for your inspiring words authorities in 10
symposium North University April 21st and I’m gonna ask a favor I’m gonna send
Alex down our favorite regimental commander down of the door out you have
to hold a whole regiment before they can’t go through that door we have got
to get general Millie safely off in his aircraft and I want to thank general
major-general crave for providing all the airlift support there are incredible
Vermont and national guard so he can leave also cuz he’s coming by by air so
he’s gonna start to head out and we’re gonna ask big round of applause for
general million general sullivan as they exit gas you can go that way or just
home this way for the cadets take the rest of the week off with you please got a big day when they won about what
they said Thursday so what are they doing tomorrow nothing right we just change the plan Frank Warner I got four stars he’s got
do he’s got none so so you guys get Monday and Tuesday off and and there’s nothing anybody can do
about it please keep receipts

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