History of Roman Catholicism in Ireland

By | September 29, 2019


this video details the history of Roman Catholicism in Ireland Island is an island to the northwest of continental Europe politically Ireland is divided between the Republic of Ireland which covers just under 5/6 of the island and Northern Ireland a part of the United Kingdom which covers the remainder and is located in the northeast of the island Roman Catholicism is the largest religious denomination representing over 73% for the island and about 87% of the Republic of Ireland the introduction of Christianity to Ireland dates to sometime before the 5th century presumably in interactions with Roman Britain Christian worshippers reached pagan Ireland around 400 AD it is often miss stated that st. Patrick brought the faith to Ireland but it was already present on the island before Patrick arrived monasteries were built for monks who wanted permanent communion with God the lengths they went to for tranquility are evident from the monastery of skellig michael via Radin Christianity spread among the Picts and northumbrian scholars have long recognized that the term Celtic church is simply inappropriate to describe Christianity among Celtic speaking peoples since this would imply a notion of unity or a self identifying entity that simply did not exist as Patrick Wormald explained one of the common misconceptions is that there was a ray circumflex Roman Church er to which the a circumflex Celtic er was nationally opposed Celtic speaking areas were part of Latin Christendom azole where in a significant degree of liturgical and structural variation existed along with the collective veneration of the Bishop of Rome that was no less intense in Britain and Ireland areas some scholars have chosen to apply the term a circumflex insula Christianity to this Christian practice that arose around the Irish Sea according to prosper of Aquitaine Pelagius was from a noble family in Gaul in 429 he was serving as the deacon in Rome the Pope commissioned him to send German Asst bishop of ork sir to investigate rumors of Pelagianism in Britain in 431 pope celestine i consecrated lady as a bishop and sent him to minister to the Scots believing in Christ his mission mainly seems to have been to Irish Christians in the East Midlands lynnster and perhaps East Monster it is uncertain if he converted any Irish what little is known of his mission appears to have been successful though it was later downplayed by partisans of Patrick st. Patrick’s dates are uncertain all that can be said is that he was live sometime in the 5th century and was a missionary bishop rather than ministering to christians his areas appear to have been Ulster and North Connacht but very little can be said with certainty about him later tradition from the seventh century onwards are known to be unreliable monastic establishments arose in the 6th century such as cloning founded by son Fenian plumford by son Brendan Vanga by some Congo clone McNees bison Chiron Killiney bison tender and in the 7th century Lismore by Sant Carthage and Glendalough by sand kevin in 563 sent Columba a native of Donegal accompanied by a few companions crossed the sea to Caledonia and founded a monastery on the desolate island of Iona monastic schools in Ireland became centers of excellence for peoples from all over Europe the historian Beadon Dan earlier English contemporary Oldham report that sizeable contingents of English students trained as missionaries in Ireland specifically at Raths masa G County Carlow in line stir these English monks trained in Ireland in order to convert their pagan relatives on the continent several of them had successful ecclesiastical careers after their Irish training bead and Adam being clerics emphasized really straining but both confirm that secular subjects were also taught at Irish monastic schools study of the Scriptures was paramount but they both make it clear that students often traveled from site to site seeking out teachers who had specialized knowledge in secular subjects as well

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